Saturday, June 23, 2007

1905 - Annus mirabilis, Latin for 'extraordinary year'

Einstein in 1905, while working in the patent office, published following papers:

1. "A New Determination of Molecular Dimensions" (Doctoral dissertation)
[30 April 1905] - download from
• Buchdruckerei K. J. Wyss, Bern, 1906.
• Annalen der Physik, 19(1906), pp. 289-305.
Considered least interesting and most cited work amongst these papers!

2. "On the motion of small particles suspended in liquids at rest required by the molecular-kinetic theory of heat." (Brownian motion)
[May 1905; received 11 May 1905] - download from
• Annalen der Physik, 17(1905), pp. 549-560.

3. "On the electrodynamics of moving bodies" (Special relativity)
[June 1905; received 30 June 1905] - download from
• Annalen der Physik, 17(1905), pp. 891-921.

4. "Does the inertia of a body depend upon its energy content?" (E=m*[c]^2)
[September 1905; received 27 September 1905] - download from
• Annalen der Physik, 18(1905), pp. 639-41.

Written as a brief follow-up to the special relativity paper, this short note derives the inertial of energy: all energy E also has an inertia E/c2.

5. "On a heuristic viewpoint concerning the production and transformation of light." (light quantum/photoelectric effect paper)
[17 March 1905] - download from
• Annalen der Physik, 17(1905), pp. 132-148.

Later after completing the theory of General relativity in 1916, he wrote a book on the Theory-of-Relativity. This can be freely downloaded [ ] from Project Gutenberg [ ].

[Source: , , ]
clipped from
Albert Einstein
Albert Einstein was born at Ulm, in W├╝rttemberg, Germany, on March 14, 1879. Six weeks later the family moved to Munich and he began his schooling there at the Luitpold Gymnasium. Later, they moved to Italy and Albert continued his education at Aarau, Switzerland and in 1896 he entered the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich to be trained as a teacher in physics and mathematics. In 1901, the year he gained his diploma, he acquired Swiss citizenship and, as he was unable to find a teaching post, he accepted a position as technical assistant in the Swiss Patent Office. In 1905 he obtained his doctor's degree.
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